State Democrats have filed multiple lawsuits challenging a GOP committee’s efforts to subpoena the voting info of nearly 9 million Pennsylvanians as part of a partisan probe into the state’s recent elections. 

Attorney General Josh Shapiro followed suit a week later, arguing that the subpoenas would expose sensitive voter information in a manner that violates the state constitution. 

Republicans say their “forensic investigation” into the state’s elections will help policymakers update the state’s election laws and improve confidence in elections, while also helping to discern whether allegations of voter fraud have any merit. 

But Democrats view the investigation as a thinly-veiled political ploy to appease former President Donald Trump, who has called for state-level election “audits” as he pushes conspiracy theories about the 2020 general election. Democrats are hoping that their legal challenges will succeed and result in the subpoenas being blocked. 

Here are 5 reasons why state Dems are dueling with their Republican counterparts:
 

  • They say the legislature doesn’t have the authority to contest elections

Democrats on the committee argue that the GOP-led election investigation amounts to an effort to contest the results of the 2020 general election, which, they maintain, the legislative branch has no authority to do.

In their 178-page filing, the Democratic members of the Senate Intergovernmental Operations Committee cite a provision in the state constitution that assigns the judicial branch with the “trial and determination of contested elections.” 

The filing refers to the Senate investigation as “a de facto untimely election contest, disguised as a legislative investigation, in a venue without jurisdiction,” and asks the court to declare the investigation to be unconstitutional.
 

  • They argue that lawmakers can’t conduct election audits

Democrats’ second argument centers around the idea that only the executive branch can conduct audits, in which they argue that auditing powers rest with the state Auditor General’s office.

In the filing, Democrats cite a provision in the Administrative Code that says it is “unlawful for any other administrative department, any independent administrative board or commission, or any departmental administrative or advisory board or commission, to expend any money appropriated to it by the General Assembly for any audit of its affairs.”

Democrats will have to make a compelling case to the court that the review is, in fact, an audit. They maintain that because the intent of the committee is to “gather large swaths of private voter information to investigate allegations of wrongdoing and fraud” that the review is indeed an audit. 
 

  • They maintain that the subpoenas would violate privacy protections

Shapiro says the GOP-issued subpoenas would violate privacy protections in both the U.S. and state constitutions, and has pointed to language in the documents, as well as legal precedents, to back up his arguments. 

Citing a 2016 opinion, Shapiro’s office argues that the state constitution “protects the right of Pennsylvanians to informational privacy, which includes the right to control access to and the dissemination of personal information.”

The Democratic attorney general says that because the subpoenas, from his view, would violate constitutional privacy protections, the Commonwealth Court should block the subpoenas. 
 

  • They say the election review would jeopardize protected information

Now comes the argument against allowing the committee – and potentially a third-party vendor – access to personal voter information. The committee subpoenaed the Department of State for access to the names, dates of birth, addresses, driver’s license numbers, and last four digits of Social Security numbers of all registered voters in the state, as well all voters who cast ballots in the 2020 general election. 

Democrats are asking the court to block the release of this information to the committee, arguing that “only a very limited number of officials review and retain the information that an applicant provides to register to vote.”

The filing continues: “The security and confidentiality of this system is so important that the

General Assembly included a criminal provision for the unauthorized access” to a database housing voter registration information. 
 

  • They argue that the investigation has no “legislative purpose”

Shapiro, in his lawsuit against Senate Republicans, argues that the Senate Intergovernmental Operations Committee lacks a clear legislative purpose behind their election investigation. 

Shapiro’s lawsuit references comments made by Senate Intergovernmental Operations Committee Chairman Cris Dush, who said the committee’s election review will help determine whether election fraud allegations have any merit. Shapiro countered that the committee hasn’t presented any cases of fraud, and fraud allegations are the domain of the executive branch.

“Fraud investigations are the domain of the executive branch, and thus the search for election fraud does not serve any legitimate legislative purpose,” the suit reads.